The Word of the Cross - Part 1

Fr. Thomas Hopko Lectures

Occasional lectures by Fr. Thomas Hopko

February 2011

The Word of the Cross - Part 1

From the CD available at St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, here is part one of Fr. Tom Hopko speaking on The Word of the Cross.

February 19, 2011 Length: 46:42





Thank you. I just realized that I forgot my wristwatch, which is dangerous. Our program is to be together here talking until about a quarter to one. It’s very important for us to realize, today particularly—that’s what we’re here for—that our faith is not a faith that is what you might call in modern terms a “philosophy of life.” It’s not a teaching in the sense that we have people who gave us teachings to show us the ways to wisdom and knowledge. It’s certainly not an ideology of any kind that’s in conflict with other ideologies—at least it shouldn’t be—but that our whole life as Christians, our whole identity as Christians, is not connected to a teaching or a doctrine or a set of regulations or rules or even commandments as such. It is a life that is totally defined, not by a teaching, but by a Person.

Our whole life is connected to the Person of Jesus: Jesus of Nazareth, whom we believe is the incarnation of all teaching. He is certainly the living presence of God’s teaching, of God’s word. One of his titles even is “the Word of God,” but he is the Word of God who is made flesh and who dwells among us, full of grace and truth. We believe that he doesn’t simply show us the way to life or the way to truth, but that he is the way, he is the life, he is the truth; and that our whole life and our whole way and our whole truth is connected to him and being in communion with him, following him, trusting him, receiving his Spirit, following his way, literally even becoming his members, members of him, members of his body. So that, really, Christ is formed in us, we become by the grace of his Spirit—God’s Holy Spirit—Christ ourselves, and then live in the communion with God that he has, God his Father, and to have that same exact communion that Christ has with God by God’s own Holy Spirit.

This is why St. Paul said that when he comes teaching, he doesn’t come with eloquence, he doesn’t come with worldly wisdom, he doesn’t come with some kind of program or philosophy, he doesn’t come with a set of rules, but he comes with just one thing: the Person of Christ. Bringing Christ means, always and essentially, Christ and him crucified. So St. Paul says our preaching does not come with eloquence or worldly wisdom. We don’t impress people by the rhetoric or the style or what we have, he said, but we preach Christ crucified.

Then he said that the preaching of Christ crucified—the Word of the Cross—that’s the title of our day today, this preaching of the Word of the Cross, Christ crucified—for those who want power, who want God’s activity, so to speak, on the terms of this world—victory, power, glory, crushing the enemies, and so on—that the preaching of Christ and Christ crucified is just scandalous. It’s a stumbling block, skandalon in Greek, a stumbling block. It’s kind of crazy. It’s crazy to think that everything that comes from God and the meaning of life and the Person of life is connected to the person of this crucified Jew. It’s just crazy.

And the Jews themselves, he said, are totally scandalized by that. How can it be that God’s Son, God’s Messiah, the one who is supposed to come into the world as the king with all power, glory, dominion, the Son of Man, who’s supposed to be enthroned at the right hand of the Father, giving vindication to justice and having all the world worship the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—how can it be that this one comes and is crucified? Scandals. Scandalous. Totally unacceptable, and it’s equally unacceptable for Muslims to follow that same line, the idea [of] God becoming a man and being crucified, it’s just scandalous.

Then St. Paul said, “But for those”—he calls them the Greeks, the Gentiles—“who want widsom”—sophia: they want clear explanations, rational teachings, things that are convincing to their human mind—he said that Christ crucified is just foolishness, it’s just folly, it’s just dumb. In Greek, it’s the word from which you get the English word “moron”: mōria, foolishness. You’re just moronic.

So for one there is a scandal, for others it’s moronic, it’s folly, but then he says—and this is where we get the title of our talk today—“Though the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved, it is the power of God.” He said:

For we preach Christ crucified, a scandal to Jews and folly to Gentiles, but to those who are called, to those who believe, both Jews and Greeks, Christ, the power of God, and the wisdom of God, for the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is more powerful than men.

What we want to do today is we want to spend our time contemplating, meditating, thinking about, ruminating about, what is the meaning of the Word of the Cross? Why is it this way? We’re not going to so much explain—because it’s really hard to explain it—but what we will do is to try to think about it, to try to hear it, what it is that God is showing us, what it is that he’s telling us in this very center of our faith, because the very center of our faith is the Cross. The very center of our worship is “This is my Body, broken; this is my Blood, shed for the life of the world.” It’s our very center of everything, and that’s why in the middle of Lent we put the cross out all week, that’s why the whole year is centered around the passion of Christ and his victorious Resurrection, the Pascha of the Cross, as it says, the old saying in Greek: “Pascha Stavrou ēmon, Pascha tēs [Anastaseōs]—the Pascha of [our] Cross, the Pascha of the Resurrection.”

But it’s the center of our whole existence. It’s everything for us. What is this everything? What is it that we are to see and to hear, that we are to contemplate and look upon when we hear and see the Word of the Cross? By the way, it’s important to note that in the Gospel, the New Testament, St. John, for example, says that the Word of the Cross, the Word of Life, is not only heard. It’s seen, it’s touched, it’s tasted. It’s not just the word that is a kind of a teaching word.

In the Greek language, many of you know here, being Greeks and being very Christianly literate, you know that the word for “word” in Greek is the “logos,” which has that connotation of meaning the fullness of the meaning of everything. But actually the word “word,” in the New Testament, when it says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God. He was in the beginning with God, and then the Word became flesh and dwelt among us to be crucified,” that “word” comes from the Old Testament, primarily, not from Greek philosophy or Greek teaching, but from the Bible. The word “word” in Hebrew, dabar, it doesn’t only mean “word.” It means “act.” It means “object.” It means “thing.” You see? That same word means all these different things.

If the Word of God is God’s act, God’s thing, God’s presence himself, it doesn’t just have the connotation of an intellectual thing or a verbal word. It means a disclosure, a kind of total disclosure. Therefore we would believe that God’s total disclosure, his ultimate act—God, when we speak about “doing your thing”? Well, God does his thing on the Cross. The Cross is God’s thing. That’s what God does in the midst of the earth.

By the way, we even sing that way on the festival of the Cross. The prokeimenon from the psalter is, “God has worked salvation in the midst of the earth.” That working salvation in the midst of the earth is when he is lifted upon the Cross, when he is crucified. That’s the ultimate, definitive, absolute, total, perfect, unsurpassable act, word, revelation, manifestation of God. In fact, we teach that beyond the Cross there’s nothing God can do. Beyond the Cross, there’s nothing God can say. That beyond the Cross, there’s nothing more to be revealed, nothing more that can be known, at least within the context of this world. The Cross tells it all, and if we can’t understand and see the deepest mysteries of God and of our life in the Cross, we’re not going to see it anywhere. There’s no “where” we’re going to see it. The fool says in his heart there is no God, because if you cannot see God crucified, you ain’t gonna see him anywhere.

John Chrysostom has a sermon where people say, “Why doesn’t God do something?” And he says, “What do you want him to do?” And then he went through this whole litany of everything that God does: he creates the world, we fall. He sends the prophets, he gives the Law, he does this. He gives the commandments. Finally, he sends his own Son. Ultimately, he is crucified. What more is there? So when Jesus, hanging on the Cross, says, “It is fulfilledtetelestai,” sometimes translated, “It is finished,” it doesn’t simply mean it’s the end of the story. It means that it’s the total accomplishment of everything. Everything now is done. Nothing more can be done.

This Cross, then, which is contemplated, meditated, envisioned, enacted in our midst, ultimately—and I think this is very important to mention also—it is God’s word to those who have ears and are willing to hear, because the fool is exactly the one, in biblical language, who has eyes and doesn’t want to see, who has ears and doesn’t want to hear, who has a mind and refuses to understand. If, to use that line that Jesus often uses in the Gospel, “he who has ears to hear, let him hear. He who has eyes to see, let him see.” So we have to pray to God, that he would give us ears to hear, eyes to see, minds willing to penetrate that mystery, to open up to that mystery in order to see what it is that God is showing us, what God is telling us, what he’s doing.

The Word of the Cross is ultimately silent. When Jesus hangs on the Cross, crucified, he’s already dead, and therefore he is totally quiet. We all know that when Jesus was hanging on the Cross, he said a few things. He said seven different things, actually, and if you’re interested in that, we can talk about that, but we’re not talking today about the words from the Cross. We’re talking about the Word of the Cross itself, and the Word of the Cross itself is enacted and spoken when he gives up his spirit and he dies.

That, according to the Church tradition, certainly some of the homilies of the Church Fathers, is the most eloquent word ever spoken. The most eloquent word ever spoken is spoken in silence. You just look at him hanging there, because you can’t say it. There’s nothing that could be said. In fact, one Western saint—Hugo, I think it was, of St. Victor—he said that God wants to speak to us, to reveal himself to us, and he gives us the Scriptures, he gives us the book. He says, but when Christ is coming, the incarnate Book, the incarnate Word, then you no longer have words; you have the living thing, and the real and present life.

Then he said, “And when he hangs on the Cross and his arms are open, the Book is open. The Book is totally open, like in the book of Revelation you have the book sealed with seven seals, and the only one who opens that seven-sealed book—and that means the super-duper mysteries; that’s what seven seals means; you don’t get more mysterious than that, you see—but who is worthy to open the book? In the book of Revelation, it’s the Lamb who was slain. Everybody’s crying, it says, because there’s nobody to open the book of the deepest mysteries of God, and then their tears are wiped away because the Lamb comes, who was dead and is alive again, who was crucified—and he opens the book.

This Hugo said that on the Cross, the book is open. It’s open, and the Word of God is fully and totally revealed for what it is. What we have to do is to stand before it also in silence in order to hear. That’s a very important point, because no one who cannot shut up is going to hear the Word of the Cross. No one who cannot be quiet is going to penetrate the deepest mystery. That ultimate Word, even St. Maximus, St. Issac, they said, “The language of God is ultimately silence.” Silence.

In the silent depth of the Cross, the silence of God, which is more eloquent than any word, speaks to our silence, the silence within us, in order that we can then understand and grasp and live the deepest mysteries of God. That’s why talk about God is only so much blah-blah. Even too much spiritual talk is nothing but vain babbling. We who are in church like this talk. As someone once said, “When you’re dealing with what can only be expressed in silence, you have to talk a lot,” because “no word is adequate, and every word is a lie,” as St. Gregory of Nyssa said.

But the word can only be the authentic word that emerges out of the silence. That’s why Lent is supposed to be a time when we try to be quiet. We try really to be silent and hear God speak. And yet [...] you have to make space to do that. It just doesn’t happen. There’s even a saying of the Fathers, and St. Ambrose, who’s over there on the wall, his first chapter on the book of the priesthood, he said, “You must teach the priests first how to be silent,” and then he quoted the desert tradition which said, “For who cannot be silent must never speak, because they’ll have nothing to say.”

Silence is really important, and contemplation, going beyond and letting the Word dwell in us and well around, this is what we have to do. The reason why I say that is because so much in theology today is just people talking all the time, arguing, trying to convince their neighbors, Sunday school projects, preaching, ministry, and so on, and then we wonder why it never works. At least one of the reasons it never works is because we’re not quiet. We never just quietly stand in front of the cross and just look so we could hear something, as though something could happen to us.

And we’re so busy minding everybody else’s business—who should do what, what the bishop should do, what if this should happen, what our kids should do, and all this kind of stuff—we’re so taken up with all of that that the whole thing just becomes crazy. It becomes just the opposite of the Word of the Cross, the Word of the Cross that ultimately says: Just look. Look. Shut up; look. And then maybe you hear something, see? And that’s something that we really have to practice.

If we do, though, have to speak and break the silence, what is it that we should hear? The simple answer to that, according to Christian theology, would be: everything—because the Cross says everything. The Cross says everything about God, everything about human life, everything about history, everything about the planet, everything about the deepest mysteries that are possibly to be known to us creatures. The Cross says everything, because Christ is all and in all, and nothing goes beyond that.

Obviously, if the Cross reveals everything, then you can talk about it endlessly. So on a day like today you have to select something to be said. What I have decided to do, especially seeing the list of people who are coming here today and realizing that all of you, I would say, virtually all of you that I know, this isn’t your first time into contemplating the Christian faith and the Cross and Christ, so on that basis I would like to select and spend the time not so much on the meaning of the Cross and the Word of the Cross, kind of theologically, or even, you might say, what the Word of the Cross tells us about God and God’s activity, but I would like to stress—which amounts to the same thing anyway, as we’ll see—what the Word of the Cross tells us about us.

What does the Word of the Cross say about human life? What does it tell us about how we are to live in the time given to us by God on this planet before we die? What does the Cross tell us about death, which is the central fact in every one of our lives? We may not think it is, especially younger people, with a whole life ahead of them and so on; nevertheless, death is the central fact of life on this planet. It’s the central fact of the revelation of God, in the Cross, and it is the central fact in Christian witness. Death proves what we really believe, what we really care about, where our treasure really is. Death is the great martyria, the great witness, exactly to the victory of God in Christ on the Cross.

Life and death, our life, our death, our life in relation to death, is what I would like to spend a very particular focus on today. You can’t do that unless we speak about God, for a very simple reason. Every human being, whether they know it or not, or even whether they like it or not, is made in the image and likeness of God. In fact, we would say, if you know it and like it, it’s the great joy of your life and it’s paradise; if you don’t know it and you don’t like it, or if you come to know it and don’t like it, then that’s hell. Heaven and hell are already in us now, because the deepest element of our being is God himself. We are made in the image and according to the likeness of God, and there is no definition of human life outside of God. We would be very eager to hasten and to add: without the true God, without God as God is, because even Jesus said there are many gods and many lords. According to the Scripture—many of you have heard me say this a thousand times, because it’s true—there’s no such thing as atheists. Everybody has gods; it just depends what they are. Ultimately, the clash is between the true God and the false god, and therefore our true reality and our false reality, relative to God.

The Cross is the ultimate act and word of God, and we are made in God’s image and likeness. Then the Cross is the ultimate word about us, too. It can’t be any other way, and that’s even a basic axiom of the Christian worldview. Whatever we say about God, we say about us, because we’re made in God’s image and likeness. In fact, the Church Fathers even defined human life in this way. They say, “What does it mean to be a human being?” They said, “It means to be by grace—kata charin—by God’s goodwill—kata evdokia, God’s blagovoleniye—God’s energies—kat’ energian—[power] of God—kata dynamis—that it’s to be, by God’s grace, power, energy, goodwill, pleasure, everythingev’-ry-thing—that God is by nature—kat ousian. So we are really called to be divine.

If we are called be divine, we can skip over a whole bunch of stuff and end by saying: Therefore, we are called to be crucified, because if God ultimately reveals himself in this world on the Cross, that’s where we reveal ourselves, too. If God fulfills himself on the Cross, that’s where we fulfill ourselves, too. If God is doing the ultimate act that shows his God-ness, his divinity, what he really is and what he really does, if that takes place on the Cross in the broken body and the spilled blood of Christ, then that’s where it has to take place in our life, too. That’s why Jesus said—and it’s interesting in the gospels, as you know—Jesus, when he first appeared, he did all the signs of the Messiah: He preached to the poor, he forgave the sins, he cast out the demons, he did all the healings: he made the blind see, the lame walk, deaf hear, dumb talk, and so on.

He did all the miracles that he was supposed to do, and then he says, “Who do you say that I am?” And Peter says, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And only then in the Gospel did Jesus say for the first time that he had to be betrayed, spit upon, mocked, rejected, killed, and would rise again on the third day. Those of you who know the gospels know that Peter said, “Never! That’s not the way God acts. That’s not the way the Messiah acts. The Messiah’s supposed to come in and not get spit upon, mocked, and beaten, but he’s supposed to overcome all of that.” Jesus, as you know, even calls Peter “Satan” and says, “Get behind me,” and so on. Then he goes on the mountain and transfigures in front of them and shows his glory, and then on the mountain even he talks about the crucifixion, the exodus that he will make in Jerusalem with Moses and Elijah. Then again he tells them that he’s going to be crucified. And in between Peter’s confession and the Transfiguration, you have the famous line that we heard last Sunday in the Gospel. If you went to church last Sunday, you heard it, from Mark’s Gospel, where in Mark’s version anyway, where he said, “If you will be my disciple, you will take up your cross, and you will follow me.”

There’s just no way to be the disciple of Jesus without taking up our cross. If he is crucified, we have to be crucified. St. Paul uses that expression: “co-crucified”: “We must be co-crucified together with him.” Co-crucified. St. Paul loves that term, “co-.” In Greek, the prefix “syn.” We co-suffer with him. We co-reject with him. We co-die with him. We are co-crucified with him. Then we are co-rising with him. We are co-glorified with him. We are co-reigning with him. But it’s all in and with him.

If this is the central act of his life, then it has to be the central act of our life, and there’s no way around it. As sometimes my students say, “That’s the bad news of the good news.” The good news is that God has revealed himself to us, raised us up, forgiven us, ascended into heaven, glorified us, given us eternal life, forgave every sin; where sin abounds, grace super-abounds, and no rock, nothing ridiculous, no horrible sin is more than the grace of God. God can forgive everything. That’s the good news. The “bad news” is—and I put that in quotes, of course; it’s only rhetoric—that the way the good news gets enacted is through the Cross—and no other way.

That’s what the temptations of Jesus by the devil were about. The devil wanted to get Jesus not to take the Cross, and those were the real temptations of Jesus, not wanting little domestic happiness with Mary Magdalene or something like the movie said. But those were the powerful temptations of Jesus as the Messiah: not to take the Cross. Because who wants that Cross? Nobody wants it, but it’s absolutely essential, because there’s no life and therefore no happiness, no joy, no peace, no nothing without it. There’s just darkness and death without it, but through the darkness and death of the Cross, that’s how the life and the victory [come], and no other way. And that’s the Word of the Cross.

What I’d like to do today is to try as specifically as we can to apply that to our life. What does it mean to take up the Cross? What does it mean to be co-crucified with Christ? What does it mean to fulfill oneself as a person made in the image and likeness of God, who is love, who fulfills himself—“It is fulfilled”—by hanging, dead, on the Cross? What does that mean?

First of all, the simple essential point, to kind of reduce it to its bare essence, would be to say this: It is to love. Everything is summed up in that one word: love. God is love. That’s the shortest definition of God in the Bible: God is love. And God, as love, God being love, is what is revealed in the Cross. The Cross reveals who God is and why we say God is love, and therefore reveals what love is. Now, that’s also very important for us today, because not only does everybody talk about God, and any coincidence to the real God is coincidental… Some of those TV preachers, when they say “God,” I don’t know what god they’re talking about, but it ain’t the one we contemplate, hanging on the Cross.

So you can say “God,” and it can mean anything. Some people say, “Oh, it doesn’t matter what you believe, as long as you believe in God.” But what God? How God? What does God do? Those are very important questions, the answer of which for us is given in the Cross, and all theology is about the Cross. The Word of the Cross is the Word about God; the Logos tou Theou is the Logos tou Stavrou. The Word of God is the Word of the Cross. It tells us who God is, but if we say, “God is love,” then the Cross tells us what love is, and that’s very important, because everybody’s a lover.

Who doesn’t want to love? Everybody wants to love. You see it on the stop sign: “Make love, not war,” “All you need is love.” Everyone will tell you they’re for love. Dr. Ruth is for love. I mean, who’s not for love? Who would be not for love, at least rhetorically? Who would get up and say, “I’m for hate; I’m for death”? No one. But the problem is: What is love? That’s the question. If I’m for love, what is love? If I’m for God who is love, who is that God who is love, and therefore what is love? If I find and fulfill myself as in the image and likeness of God who is love… Thomas Merton who was a famous monk said, “To know that we are made in the image and likeness of God who is love is enough knowledge to last us endless eternities.” You don’t need any more information. That’s enough. If you go on a need-to-know basis, that’s all you need to know: that we’re made in the image and likeness of God, who is love. But what you also need to know is that the love is realized and manifested and actualized and shown for what it is on the wood of the Cross and nowhere else. Ultimately, definitively, absolutely, that’s where it’s shown what it is.

So if we say, “I want to find and fulfill myself in the image and likeness of God who is love, I’ve got, then, to do what God does.” Now, you can say, “How can I do what God does? Isn’t that like saying too much?” And the answer is: no, it’s not. Not if you read the Gospel, because the whole Gospel is saying exactly this: We are made in the image and likeness of God, to be and to do what God does. And that’s not a teaching of Greek patristics; that’s a teaching of the New Testament.

When Jesus Christ said, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another as I have loved you,” he was talking about the Cross, because how do we love as he has loved? There’s only one way: the Cross. But that’s a commandment! The command to love one’s God with all one’s heart, soul, mind, and strength, to love one’s neighbor; that’s the old commandment. What that means is shown in Christ, and that’s why he says, “The new commandment I give you is not just to love one another, and you figure out what love is. No. The new commandment is to love one another as I have loved you. That’s the new commandment.

So we would ask the question: How does he love us? In what consists his love, so that I can know what I have to do? Because Jesus said, very often, “He who believes in me will do the work that I do, greater works than these, do.” He said, “Be perfect, as God in heaven is perfect. Be merciful as God as merciful.” This is what he commanded of us. That’s why he came: so that we could do it, by his power and spirit.

But what is the it? What is this love? Simply, again, as simply as we can, it would be total and absolute fidelity to God in all circumstances without exception. No idolatry. No other gods. Trusting God absolutely in all circumstances without exception. And in the midst of trusting God, and we prove our love for God by our trust for God, our obedience to God—“If you love me, you will keep my commandments,” Christ says—that this love of God in all circumstances is to have as the content of one’s life only the wisdom and the power of God, and not any earthly wisdom and certainly not any earthly power.

The wisdom and the power of God is the power of love, and that is the Truth itself. The Truth of God, the Truth of Christ, Christ as the Truth, as the Life, is telling us that we can trust God in everything, through everything, but trusting it means doing it his way and not our way. And his way—and this is what love is—is constant mercy, constant forgiveness, no condemnation of anyone for anything. “Father, forgive them.” Not giving in in the least way to evil by evil, and enduring, even unto death, even unto a horrid death on the cross, anything that the evil could produce—without producing the evil in return.

That’s why, if you translate the Word of the Cross into commandments, you have the Sermon on the Mountain. Blessed are the poor. Blessed are the merciful. Blessed are the peacemakers. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for what is right. Blessed are those whose heart is pure. Bless those who curse you. Pray for those [who] abuse you. They smash you on the one cheek; you give them the other. They ask you for your shirt; you give them your coat. Now, you know that, but the problem is this is madness as far as this world is concerned. This is totally scandalous and completely moronic behavior. The only trouble is, that’s the Word of the Cross, and it’s the only thing that works. It’s the only thing that works.

If we’re a pragmatic American society, we should be interested in what works. This is the only thing that works. Works for what? And here we might even be super-duper American—works for happiness. Works for joy. Works for peace. Works for self-dignity. Works for proper self-esteem. Works for being able to stand on two feet and look at anybody. Works to know, ultimately, who we are and what we have been created for. It’s the only thing that works. Nothing else works. Earthly power doesn’t work. Earthly pleasure doesn’t work. Earthly prestige doesn’t work. Earthly position doesn’t work. Earthly profits don’t work. Earthly possessions don’t work. That’s all madness; that’s madness. It’s a lie of the devil. It doesn’t work.

If you want the living proof, just look at American society today: it doesn’t work. That’s why half the people are crazy and the other half are drug addicts, sex addicts, I don’t know what, even religion addicts. They come to retreats on Saturdays… [laughter] No. When the sun is shining… It doesn’t work. Then you go looking for all kinds of things to somehow make it work. Of course, life is limited, so sooner or later you run out of time and conk off and die, and that doesn’t work either.

What the Cross is telling us is this: If you want to live—and it’s very interesting how Jesus uses that expression, “live.” Not just find the meaning of life, the purpose of life, the goal of life, but live. He said, “I have come that you may have life, and life in abundance.” And he said that exactly in the context when he said, “I am the good shepherd who lays down his life for the sheep.” He said in the Sermon on the Mountain, “The way is narrow and hard. The gate is narrow; the way is hard, that leads to life, and few there be who find it.” Because there [are] few who really want what God wants and are willing to trust him to the end, who are willing to say, when they feel totally abandoned, “My God, my God, why hast thou abandoned me? Yet into your hands I give my spirit,” and then emerge victorious.

It’s life that we want, not just existence, not just survival, not just coping with the world, but we want to live. In fact, I used to always make jokes and they say, “Surviving,” how awful it is. I’ve stopped doing that, because even surviving ain’t bad in America now, because if you don’t survive, then you’ll never come to live. So the first thing is, figure out how to survive; then we’ll talk about living. But that’s about how bad it is.

The answer to all of this is God who is love that is revealed in the Cross, and [us] taking up that Cross together with him, because what we believe in the Cross from God’s side is that God tells us on the Cross many things. He tells us that he loves us and loves us and loves us to the end, and our whole life is defined by his love for us. The content of our life is his love for us. That we can never escape his love for us. That even hell will be the futile attempt to even try to escape his love for us, because he chases us even into hell. He takes the hell on himself on the Cross, becoming sin, becoming curse, becoming dead—for us, not for himself. He didn’t need that. For us. So he tells us that we are loved, and that’s the foundational metaphysical reality for sane existence. We are insane if we do not know in our gut that we are loved, and we are loved by God. By God! And there’s nothing that we can do that will stop the love of God for us. That’s what the Cross tells us.

However sinful, stupid, ridiculous, criminal, I don’t know, the Auschwitzes, the gulags, the abortion centers, I don’t know what, of this world, will not stop the love of God for us. He takes it all on himself. He identifies with it all. And all we have to do is want it, say yes to it, and then it’ll become ours, and it’ll work in us. There’s nothing we can do to respond to it. We can only take it, receive it, say Amen to it. But that being-loved, boundlessly and unconditionally, this is what the Cross is telling us. As I said earlier, whether we like it or not, we are loved.

One of the hardest things to do in life, because of our human pride, because of our rebellion against God, much harder almost than loving, is to allow ourselves to be loved, to let God love us, to let godly people love us. But this love of God is what the Word of the Cross is: boundless, unconditional love from God’s side.

How is that love expressed? It’s expressed not in denying the sin of the world, not saying, “Oh, you’re nice anyway.” I heard a tape the other day of a Methodist named Stanley Hauerwas—highly recommended—and he said, “I’m a Methodist. We Methodists have deep belief in God. We believe God is nice.” Then he said, “And that has heavy implications. We should be nice, too.” But it’s not just being nice. And one of the things about being nice, people think one of the things about being nice is never to say that anything’s wrong. Never to admit that there’s real evil, real sin, real tragedy; we just kind of “pretend” it’s not there, put it away. But God doesn’t do that.

The Cross tells us that this world is stinking, rotten, evil. That’s what it tells us. That the world isn’t nice—exactly. That the world hates light, hates love, hates truth, hates justice, and when that all comes incarnate the presence of Jesus the Messiah, they say he’s a Samaritan and has a devil and they’ve got to get rid of him. It’s not nice.

God doesn’t deny all that. He doesn’t look down and say, “Oh, you’re really nice.” He doesn’t. He says, “You’re all sinners, rotten, and there’s no, not one righteous, no, not one, but I love you anyway. And to prove that I love you anyway, I take all your rot on myself.” And that’s what love is. Love is to identify with the one who’s really bad, really evil.

One of the things that we’re going to talk about is: if we’re going to imitate God in that, we have to admit the evil that’s around. Some people have a very hard time admitting evil around, in themselves and in other people, and in other people as well as themselves, especially their family members. Other people are only too happy to admit evil around, in everybody! Sometimes even themselves: “I’m a sinner!” All right, that’s part of it. But the admission has to be there.

But then the Cross says, “You must admit it. You must say: ‘It is no good. It is not God’s way. Things are not right. There is evil. There is the devil. There is sin. There is death.” And these things have to be faced. They can’t be cosmetized over, stuck in a corner. People get sick. People have cancer. People die. Airplanes crash. People blow them up. People get thrown out of their countries. People get victimized by other people. They get victimized by the sin of their parents. They get victimized by all kinds of stuff, and all that is real. And God on the Cross faces all that and says it’s real.

And when he faces it and says it’s real, he weeps over it. He grieves over it. He is appalled by it. But he is not victimized or paralyzed by it, and he doesn’t let it poison him. So no matter how bad it is—and it’s as bad as you can get, especially if you’re crucifying the Son of glory—and according to St. Paul, any sin crucifies again the Lord of glory, because that’s why he came… So it’s as bad as it can get, but being however bad it can get, he says, “You’re forgiven.”

“Like it or not, you’re forgiven.” Proud people don’t like to be forgiven. In fact, proud people would rather burn in hell and think they deserve it than to [hear] “You’re forgiven.” “Me, forgiven? For what?” But the forgiveness is there, and, more than the forgiveness, is the identification, the baring of the burden of the sin of the other, without acting in an evil way in return. This is what the Word of the Cross tells us.

And that the only way that you will redeem the other, the only way that you will help to heal the other, the only way that you can expiate the sin of the other, is to take it on yourself, but not in a sick way, not in the “Oh, I’m suffering for the other” way, but in a way of sovereign freedom, in total dignity, in an absolutely voluntary act of love, so that it’s literally impossible that the evil will be victorious. It can’t be because you don’t give it an inch. And one of the ways that you don’t give it an inch is not by denying it, but by disclosing it, by seeing it for what it is. That’s why the Cross is the great clarification. The Cross is the great illumination of things the way they really are.

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